The European Network of Transmission System Operators for Electricity (ENTSO-E) has provided an in-depth analysis of the operational patterns of electric long-haul trucks, which are emerging as a key component in Europe’s strategy to curb greenhouse gas emissions from the transport sector.
The report reveals that the latest electric long-haul trucks are equipped to travel an estimated 350 kilometers on a single charge. This capability is particularly noteworthy in light of the EU’s stringent driving and rest time regulations for truck drivers. These rules, which mandate a 45-minute rest after 4.5 hours of continuous driving, dovetail with the recharging requirements of electric trucks, allowing drivers to utilize these breaks to recharge their vehicles efficiently.
Additionally, the report points out that the mandatory 11-hour overnight rest period for drivers is sufficient for a full battery recharge, ensuring that the electric trucks are ready for operation the next day. This integration of mandatory rest periods with the operational needs of electric trucks underscores the practicality of electric vehicles (EVs) within the current freight transport framework.
ENTSO-E’s analysis also looks to the future, predicting that ongoing advancements in electric truck technology could soon increase their range to up to 800 kilometers per charge. This is a significant development, considering that the average daily distance covered by tractor-trailers in Europe is 530 kilometers. The expected improvements in battery technology and energy efficiency are poised to make electric long-haul trucks even more compatible with the demands of the freight industry.
The transition to electric long-haul trucks is not merely a technological upgrade but also a strategic response to the EU’s ambitious goal of achieving a 90% reduction in transport sector emissions by 2050. As the market for these vehicles grows and their operational capabilities continue to advance, electric long-haul trucks are expected to play an increasingly vital role in the shift towards a more sustainable and low-carbon transport system in Europe.
The report also touches on the infrastructure requirements to support this transition. It outlines the targets for the deployment of electric recharging and hydrogen refueling stations across the EU, as set by the Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Regulation (AFIR). The planned infrastructure is expected to enhance the feasibility of long-haul electric truck operations by ensuring that charging and refueling stations are adequately distributed along major transport routes.
In conclusion, the ENTSO-E report provides a comprehensive overview of the current state and the promising future of electric long-haul trucking in Europe. It underscores the alignment between technological advancements, regulatory frameworks, and infrastructure development, which are all converging to support the growth of electric freight transport. As Europe continues to push forward with its green agenda, electric long-haul trucks stand out as a beacon of innovation and environmental stewardship in the transport sector.
Source: Deployment of Heavy-Duty Electric Vehicles and their Impact on the Power System | ENTSO-E